The Dope On Soap
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Soap sprays and dips, or gently wiping leaves with warm, soapy water, is the least toxic way to control most houseplant insects.
Soap controls insects by coating them with fatty acids. It has no residual effect, so repeat applications often are needed. Most commercial insect control sprays marketed for use on houseplants are based on soap, or you can use the same insecticidal soap you use to control insects in your vegetable garden.
Many people use dish-washing liquid mixed with luke-warm water at the rate of 1 tsp (5ml) per 1qt (.946 l) of water. While dishwashing liquids may do a good job, they can also pose risks, since they include fragrances, antibacterial agents, and other chemicals that may damage plant leaves. Never use laundry detergent or detergents made for use in dishwashers in homemade plant sprays, because they are much too harsh for plants.
A few plants are sensitive to soap (see my post on Insecticidal Soap for a list of sensitive plants). If plants droop a few hours after being sprayed with a soap solution, immediately rinse them off with luke-warm water. Never allow plants that have been sprayed with soap to sit in bright sun. Soap sprays may temporarily interfere with the protective cutin layer on leaf surfaces, making them more susceptible to leaf scorch.
Hechtia Care Cheat Sheet
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